Some examples of voice disorders include recurrent laryngitis, vocal fold paralysis, presbylaryngeus (aging voice), papilloma, cancer of the vocal folds, benign essential tremor, vocal fold web, muscle tension dysphonia, and benign vocal fold growths such as polyps, nodules, cysts, and granulomas.
Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you briefly stop breathing while you are asleep. According to the American Sleep Apnea Association, more than 12 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea. Being overweight is often the cause of sleep apnea. However, anyone can get sleep apnea -- even children.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is a chronic disease and usually is life-long once it begins. This is a condition in which the liquid of the stomach regurgitates backs up into the esophagus. The regurgitated liquid contains acid and pepsin which is produced by the stomach.
Your tonsils and adenoids are part of your lymphatic system. Your tonsils are in the back of your throat and your adenoids are higher up, behind your nose. They help protect you from infection by trapping germs coming in through your mouth and nose.
Swallowing takes place in four stages. Different problems can occur at each stage to disrupt the normal swallowing process.
Head and neck cancer includes cancers of the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, and lymph nodes in the neck. Most begin in the moist tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that lies in front of the windpipe (trachea), just below the voice box (larynx). The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands located within the thyroid gland.
Flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy is the most common type of examination used to visualize the areas of the throat and voice box. The exam utilizes a thin flexible endoscope containing fiberoptic cable that can be manipulated to examine areas not normally seen by traditional examination techniques.